Strategic close “reading” involves reading, viewing or listening to an informational source or part of a source multiple times to develop a deeper understanding of the content. This type of reading occurs when the student carefully considers various parts of a source (e.g., words, phrases, an image, a graphic), thinking about the value of those parts and how they relate or connect to one another. As the student engages in this process, she may employ the use of multiple strategies, or deliberate actions, that help her make sense of the source. This type of processing creates pathways for the student to think critically about different aspects of the source like the author’s central ideas, writing craft or point of view.
From Close Reading of Informational Sources, Cummins, 2019
The “three-phase plan for teaching” is a model for instruction that integrates the use of close reading to make better sense of a source. Below is a short description of each phase. This plan may occur over one or more lesson periods. The sample lessons (provided on this site) follow this plan and you can read more about using this plan in Close Reading of Informational Sources. Click the button below for a complimentary downloadable template you can fill in with your own plans.